attr_readers are great and you should use them. When I start writing a class my skeleton usually looks like this:
If I need to make something public I always can, but by immediately starting with private
attr_readers I start by hiding my instance variables behind a method. This hiding is not only from other classes (because they are private), but also from the rest of the class since the other methods aren’t directly accessing the instance variables. This way, if I need to add some more logic to a instance-variable related method, the code change is very easy.
Give this approach a try and I think you’ll find yourself doing it automatically from now on.